288.13 "when he landed in ourland's leinster"
4000BC: dairy farming [cite]
Tory Island [fweet-4]
010.31 "if you can spot fifty I spy four more"
015.05 "the Formoreans have brittled the tooath of the Danes"
236.09 "The Fomor's in his Fin"
331.25 "the formor velican" (Fomorians: mythical Irish invaders)
Cessair (2958 BC-2361 BC) [wiki] [Annals] [etext] [genetics]
Parthalonians (2680 BC-2061 BC) [wiki] [etext]
015.30 "parth a lone"
236.09 "A paaralone!"
381.05 "unimportant Parthalonians"
Parthalon anglicised 'Bartholomew'
529.34 "Bar Ptolomei"
560.24 "Mr Porter (Bar-"
Moyelta: the old plain of Elta (Irish Sean Magh), where the Parthalonians died of plague and were buried; probably an area adjacent to Howth, perhaps south of Dublin (Tallaght: parish seven miles southwest of Dublin; supposed plague grave of Parthalonian invaders of Ireland)
017.19 "ye plaine of my Elters"
076.21 "a protem grave in Moyelta"
205.03 "old the plain"
334.33 "it's Hey Tallaght Hoe"
427.27 "the country of the old, Sean Moy"
478.12 "in all the vallums of tartallaght"
479.24 "ere there was this plague-" (Annals of the Four Masters, I, 9: 'The Age of the World, 2820. Nine thousand of Parthalon's people died in one week on Sean-Mhagh-Ealta-Edair... Whence is [named] Taimhleacht Muintire Parthaloin' referring to Tallaght, deriving its name from Irish Taimhleacht Muintire Parthaloin: plague-grave of the people of Parthalon)
Nemedians (2350 BC-1731 BC) [wiki] [etext]
Firbolg [wiki] [Book of Invasions] [etext]
015.06 "the Oxman has been pestered by the Firebugs"
054.30 "with firbalk forthstretched"
083.23 "by the grace of gamy queen Tailte" (Tailte: mythical queen of the Firbolg, in whose honour Tailteann games were established; ran until the 12th century and revived for a short time in the 1920s-1930s)
381.05 "with the mouldy Firbolgs"
386.27 "going to the tailturn horseshow"
540.35 "Firebugs, good blazes!"
Tuatha Dé Danann (1897 BC-1477 BC) [wiki] [Book of Invasions] [etext]
(mythical hero-gods: Danu/Dana a mother-goddess, Ana an earth-goddess, Banbha a queen(?), Lug/Lugh Lamhfada/Lámh-fhada/Long-Arm a leader/god 'of sun and genius', Nuad/Nuadha of the Silver Arm a king)
007.12 "Danu U'Dunnell's foamous olde Dobbelin ayle"
015.05 "the Formoreans have brittled the too-"
044.11 "others hail him Lug"
078.18 "the murdered Cian in Finntown" (Cian was Lugh's father)
079.15 "called after the ugliest Danadune"
130.04 "Lug his peak has"
132.26 "Banba prayed"
138.20 "born with a nuasilver tongue in his mouth"
219.11 "Findrias, Murias, Gorias and Falias" (from the respective cities of Findias, Murias, Gorias and Falias, four magic objects were brought by the Tuatha Dé Danann to Tara: Nuad's irresistible Sword of Light, Dagda's Cauldron of Plenty, the invincible Spear of Lug (of Victory), and the Stone of Fal (of Destiny))
305.22 "born with a solver arm"
329.16 "Surly Tuhal" (Tuathal: father of Gelchossa in James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal V (name may mean 'surly'))
344.36 "the sons of Nuad"
350.10 "Mr Lhugewhite Cadderpollard"
381.05 "the Tuatha de Danaan googs"
386.22 "Mrs Dana O'Connell"
392.30 "Mrs Duna O'Cannell"
507.12 "a longarmed lugh"
553.02 "my little ana countrymouse"
594.19 "Lugh the"
597.01 "La! Lamfadar's arm"
"the closest genetic relatives of the Irish in Europe are to be found in the north of Spain in the region known as the Basque Country" [cite] 8,000BC "most of us in the British Isles are descended from the same Spanish stone age settlers. The main difference is the degree to which later migrations of people to the islands affected the population's DNA. Parts of Ireland (most notably the western seaboard) have been almost untouched by outside genetic influence since hunter-gatherer times."
Tara mentioned, as 'Temair' [ebook] [fweet-8]
309.11 "Hiberio-Miletians and Argloe-Noremen" (?Hiberno-Milesian and Anglo-Norman)
086.15 "They were on that sea by the plain of Ir nine hundred" (three brothers, Heber, Heremon, and Ir, led the Milesian invasion of Ireland)
447.27 "Where is the greenest island off the black coats" (according to legend, Milesian invasion of Ireland took place because on a certain day Ireland was visible from Spain)
014.35 "Since the bouts of Hebear and Hairyman"
271.19 "From the butts of Heber and Heremon"
394.29 "Huber and Harman orhowwhen"
604.04 "vinebranch of Heremonheber on Bregia's plane where Teffia lies" (Bregia: tribal land (a plain between the river Liffey and Boyne), County Meath, originally Heber's, taken by Heremon)
722 BC [wiki]
150.16 "Sennacherib as distinct from the Shalmanesir" (Shalmaneser V, king of Assyria, carried the Israelites into captivity; he was followed by Sennacherib, who invaded Judah)
051.29 "bryns of the Silurian Ordovices" ('At the time of the Roman invasion of Britain, 55 B.C., four distinct dominant tribes, or families, are enumerated west of the Severn, viz. the Decangi... the Ordovices... the Dimetae... and the Silures' eb11)
Romans (43 AD) [wiki] [latest]
581.22 "At the carryfour with awlus plawshus" (Aulus Plautius: Roman general invading Britain for emperor Claudius, A.D. 43)
048.07 "the crowd of Caraculacticors"
054.04 "Poolaulwoman Charachthercuss"
617.14 "characticuls during their blackout"
Caractacus: British chieftain, resisted Roman invasion
Carausian Revolt (286 – 296 AD) [wiki]
194.02 "you there, Cathmon-Carbery" (Lathmon: British prince and invader defeated by Fingal's army in James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian)
376 AD [wiki]
251.02 "Goth's scourge on you!" (westward migration of Huns caused invasion of Roman Empire by Visigoths)
"Irish and Scottish people share very similar DNA. The obvious similarities of culture, pale skin, tendency to red hair have historically been prescribed to the two people's sharing a common Celtic ancestry. Actually it now seems much more likely that the similarity results from the movement of people from the north of Ireland into Scotland in the centuries 400 - 800 AD. At this time the kingdom of Dalriada, based near Ballymoney in County Antrim extended far into Scotland. The Irish invaders brought Gaelic language and culture, and they also brought their genes." [cite]
St Patrick c432 [wiki]
446 AD [wiki]
104.14 "Groans of a Britoness" ('Groans of the Britons': a letter of plea for assistance against the invading Saxons, sent by Britons to Aëtius, the Roman leader in Gaul)
016.05 "Scuse us, chorley guy! You tollerday donsk? N. You tolkatiff scowegian? Nn. You spigotty anglease? Nnn. You phonio saxo? Nnnn. Clear all so! 'Tis a Jute." (Angles, Saxons, Jutes: the three Germanic tribes that have invaded Britain in the 5th and 6th centuries)
5thC: Hengest and Horsa: brothers, led Saxon invasion of England [wiki]
063.22 "too much hanguest or hoshoe"
143.22 "Heng's got a bit"
214.12 "riding the high horse there forehengist?"
272.17 "Hengegst and Horsesauce"
325.17 "hunguest and horasa"
355.28 "hangsters, who (he constrains) hersirrs"
391.08 "in chors, with a hing behangd them"
5thC: Ambrosius Aurelianus [wiki]
085.32 "appatently ambrosiaurealised" (Ambrosius Aurelianus: semimythical champion who led the Romanised Britons against the invading Saxons in the 5th century)
073.12 "after which, batell martell" (Charles Martel ('the Hammer'): 8th century Frankish general, best remembered for stopping the Muslim invasion of Europe at the Battle of Tours and for being Charlemagne's grandfather)
Rolf Ganger: first Viking Duke of Normandy (theoretically, the ancestor of the Anglo-Norman invaders of Ireland)
263.15 "Rolf the Ganger"
443.21 "Rollo the Gunger"
444.32 "wi'Wolf the Ganger"
619.17 "Soldier Rollo's sweetheart."
310.15 "the Variagated Peddlars" (Russian Varyagi: Varangians, a Viking tribe that invaded Russia (the name survives in Russian varyag: pedlar, Cluster: Early Russian History)
motif: Viking foreigner/ Irish native [fweet-26]
[pdf] on surviving Viking names
Thorgil/Thorgist (Turgesius): 9thC Viking invader; tried to repaganise Ireland
051.16 "he has changed alok syne Thorkill's time!"
091.09 "yif live thurkells folloged him about"
152.32 "between his legs and his tarkeels"
203.07 "a landleaper" (Turgesius 'was not, unfortunately, the last of the Land Leapers!' i.e. invaders)
464.32 "Tower Geesyhus?"
493.19 "When Ota, weewahrwificle" (Ota, wife of Thorgil, uttered prophecies from the high altar of Clonmacnois Cathedral)
529.10 "nose money" (Turgesius 'exacted a tribute of "nose money," which if not paid entailed the forfeit of the feature it was called after')
552.29 "she sass her nach [...] upon the altarstane" (Ota 'took possession of the High Altar at Clonmacnois, and used it as a throne from which to give audience, or to utter prophecies and incantations')
626.28 "Corsergoth. The invision of Indelond. And, by Thorror" (Thorir: Viking invader of Ireland)
090.26 "Thos Thoris, Thomar's Thom?" (Thomar: Danish invader of Ireland, defeated by Malachy)
582.09 "to Auliffe, that will curse them" (Aulaffe/Amlave: Danish invader of Dublin)
100.25 "were he an Ivor the Boneless or an Olaf the Hide" (Ivar Beinlaus and Olaf the White invaded Dublin in 852)
130.09 "Easterling of pentecostitis" (Easterling: Viking, used for invaders of Ireland)
378.12 "Tried mark, Easterlings."
062.36 "hailing fro' the prow of Little Britain" ('Niall of the Nine Hostages... invaded the country at the time called Armorica, but now Little Brittany')
324.20 "Clontarf, one love, one fear." (Battle of Clontarf, 1014, Sigtrygg and invading Norsemen defeated by Brian Boru and Irish on Good Friday)
11thC 'history': Lebor Gabála Érenn (The Book of the Taking of Ireland) [wiki] [etext] [ebooks]
099.26 "Breffnian empire" (Breffni: an ancient name for an area now in County Cavan and County Leitrim. East Breffni was the territory of the O'Reillys, while West Breffni was the territory of the O'Rourkes; Tiernan O'Rourke's wife's adultery with Diarmaid MacMurrough led to the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland)
099.32 "(Colonel John Bawle O'Roarke, fervxamplus), even ventured so far as to loan or beg copies of D. Blayncy's trilingual triweekly" (Hugh de Lacy murdered Tiernan O'Rourke)
037.02 "bad Sweatagore good murrough" (Diarmaid MacMurrough: king of Leinster who invited the Normans to Ireland and who abducted Dervorgilla, the wife of Tiernan O'Rourke)
125.06 "after the morrow Diremood"
330.16 "Mick na Murrough"
373.30 "is always that Rorke relly!" (Tiernan O'Rourke's wife left him for Dermot MacMurrough, who sought help from the Anglo-Normans against O'Rourke and Roderick O'Connor; this led to Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland)
289.F06 "Harring man, is neow king." (Henry II: English monarch during Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland)
309.11 "it is Hiberio-Miletians and Argloe-Noremen"
386.28 "fore the angler nomads flood"
Strongbow: leader of the Anglo-Normans who invaded Ireland in 1169
023.03 "strongth of his bowman's bill"
068.19 "like Arcoforty" (Italian arco, forte: bow, strong)
082.24 "his strongbox" (his tomb is in Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin)
087.28 "with bowstrung hair"
129.32 "the arc of his drive was forty full"
311.15 "But first, strongbowth"
376.31 "With Longbow of the lie."
389.13 "at or in or about the late No. 1132 or No. 1169, bis"
391.02 "year of buy in disgrace 1132 or 1169 or 1768 Y.W.C.A."
547.31 "by dint of strongbow"
068.13 "resigned to her surrender, did not she, come leinster's even" (Eva, daughter of Diarmaid MacMurchadha, king of Leinster, married Strongbow)
192.04 "the virgin heir of the Morrisons"
288.15 "Lipton's strongbowed launch, the Lady Eva"
288.28 "the at Wickerworks" (in 1172, Henry II held court in a wickerwork pavillion outside Dublin, and there Strongbow surrendered Dublin to him)
540.18 "the mortification that's my fate" (eb11: 'In 1176 Strongbow... died in Dublin of a mortification in one of his feet')
343.04 "strangbones tomb" (Strongbow's tomb, Christchurch Cathedral, Dublin)
381.02 "McCarthy's mare" (Dermot MacCarthy deserted from Roderick O'Connor's side at the time of the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland)
378.13 "Easterlings. Sign, Soideric O'Cunnuc, Rix." (Roderick O'Connor: last high king of Ireland, displaced by Anglo-Norman invaders, died in 1198 at the age of ninety)
108.14 "both brothers Bruce" (Edward and Robert Bruce invaded Ireland in 1315 in order to create a second front in their war against Norman England)
The Pale (14th-16thC) [wiki]
042.34 "a brace of palesmen"
078.27 "bluemin and pillfaces" (cf U007: 'Palefaces')
128.13 "for all the Pale"
289.09 "Pales time"
323.30 "that bunch of palers"
539.26 "talus and counterscarp and pale of palisades"
563.11 "He will be quite within the pale"