Monday, September 29, 2014

[Saint Patrick in FW]

historical 5thC

Ulysses includes a lot of passing references to many of these aspects of Patrick's life, legend and legacy

Patrick is misremembered by Mamalujo ("the landing of St Patrick in the year 1798") and plays the silent straightman in the early Berkeley vignette ("silent whiterobed Patrick" → "Patrick the albed" → "the his mister guest Patrick with alb the whose throat he fast all time what time all him Italyman monkfellas with Patrick he drink up words belongahim") This is fleshed out in the published version.

St Kevin, who followed a couple of generations later, gets his own vignette with hints of Patrick's details

Joyce's sources included Patrick's own Confessio and Breastplate, the Tripartite Life, Bury's Life of St. Patrick, Kinane's St. Patrick, Flood's Ireland, Its Saints and Scholars, Cross & Slover's Ancient Irish Tales, Czarnowski's Le Culte des Héros, Riguet's Saint Patrice

the 1901 census lists 200k Patricks

Patrick's name is associated with all manner of places so references are often ambiguous

007.10 "A loaf of Singpantry's Kennedy bread" Kennedy's Bread, baked in Saint Patrick's Bakery, Dublin
012.22 "somepotreek"
022.26 "knavepaltry" Irish Naomh Pádraig: St Patrick
026.22 "Christpatrick's"
027.02 "roman pathoricks"
035.24 "K. O. Sempatrick's Day" Knights of Saint Patrick: Dublin association
050.04 "stinkpotthered"
051.08 "Slypatrick"
053.29 "he wished his Honour the ban-" Irish beannacht Dé agus Muire agus Brighid agus Phádraic: the blessing of God and Mary and Bridget and Patrick
081.28 "three patrecknocksters}
087.11 "he was patrified"
093.04 "the blink pitch"?
095.16 "his scentpainted voice"
179.23 "patricianly"
221.02 "Patricius' Academy for Grownup Gentlemen"
288.22 "his flop hattrick"
289.17 "puddywhack"
307.23 "Patrick!"
316.05 "Prepatrickularly"
317.02 "Patriki San Saki"
326.25 "Domnkirk Saint Petricksburg"
378.18 "Partick Thistle"
388.13 "Cominghome and Saint Patrick"
404.35 "Haggispatrick"
408.32 "old Madre Patriack"
410.24 "Shaun replied patly, with tootlepick tact"
411.20 "Glorious Patrick"
425.28 "Paatryk"
425.30 "your pucktricker's ops"
442.36 "round Close Saint Patrice" Saint Patrick's Close, Dublin
447.29 "pet ridge"
464.16 "sympatrico"
476.17 "the odd trick of the pack"
478.26 "Trinathan partnick"
478.28 "your fatherick"
479.12 "Pat Whateveryournameis"
480.12 "Magnus Spadebeard" Magonius: one of the names of Saint Patrick
483.34 "from patristic motives"
485.01 "Lowman Catlick's patrician"
486.07 "Tantris, hattrick, tryst and parting"
487.23 "Mr Trickpat"
490.10 "he stands pat for"
491.11 "from Lismore to Cape Brendan, Patrick's,"
508.23 "Clopatrick's"
530.10 "in Saint Patrick's"
552.23 "her paddypalace"
564.32 "sir Shamus Swiftpatrick"
565.18 "The pawdrag? The fawthrig?"
587.30 "the party, no, Jimmy MacCawthelock"
600.32 "Paudheen"
611.02 "Paddrock"
611.07 "the his mister guest Patholic"
611.24 "Rumnant Patholic"
611.27 "say pat-"

Irish Cothraighe: old name for St Patrick; folk-etymologised as 'belonging to four' ie owned by four masters during his slavery
024.22 "the Cottericks' donkey"
054.14 "A'Cothraige"
486.03 "Quadrigue my yoke."
600.14 "Caughterect!"

birthname Sucat or Succat

013.28 "(Succoth.)" VI.B3.08: 'Succoth (Patrick)'
096.24 "Be it suck."
177.19 "privysuckatary"
485.07 "Suck at!"
610.19 "Suc?"
612.15 "Sukkot?"

Joyce gathers folklore about his family

004.32 "he would caligulate" St Patrick's father, Calphurnius, supposedly maintained a lighthouse at Boulogne built by Caligula???
327.24 "Concessas" Concessa: Saint Patrick's mother
129.18 "the new patricius" a nephew named Patricius

Sen Patrick (literally 'Old Patrick'): mysterious near-contemporary of Saint Patrick, possibly a composite of Saint Patrick and Saint Palladius; foster father of Saint Patrick?
361.03 "sen pea-"
393.10 "oldpoetryck flied from may"
394.12 "to Oldpatrick"
VI.B1.42: 'Oldpatrick'

Lupita: sister of Saint Patrick who became whore and was killed by him?
067.33 "Lupita Lorette"
068.08 "for a bit of soft coal" proved her chastity by carrying hot coals without getting burned?
444.28 "your burberry lupitally covered"

song Saint Patrick was a Gentleman: 'Patrick was a gentleman, and he came from decent people... His father was a Gallagher, and his mother was a Grady'
014.13 "Primas was a santryman and drilled all decent people."
071.20 "His Farther was a Mundzucker and She had him in a Growler"

landing in 432 AD

073.10 "for two and thirty straws"
119.26 "our own vulgar 432 and 1132"
611.33 "High Thats Hight Uberking Leary" Irish High King at the time of Saint Patrick
612.26 "such four three two agreement"
618.13 "with P.C.Q. about 4.32"
133.36 "stood into Dee mouth" Saint Patrick landed at Inverdea, at the mouth of the Vartry river (previously the Dea river)
288.13 "when he landed in ourland's leinster" Tristan, Patrick and Strongbow all landed in Leinster
288.14 "for the twicedhecame time" Saint Patrick came a second time to Ireland as a missionary (first time as captive)
290.05 "(4.32 M.P., old time, to be precise"
290.19 "a vartryproof name"
347.16 "come San"
381.12 "a Lanty Leary cant"
462.35 "a blindfold passage by the 4.32"
467.30 "'Twas the quadra sent him and Trinity too."
486.02 "you roman cawthrick 432"
525.33 "He missed her mouth and stood into Dee"
610.09 "with such for a leary on"

slave to Milcho

131.01 "Mount of Mish" Mount Miss: hill upon which Patrick stood to watch Milcho's cremation; Mount Slemish, County Antrim, where Patrick tended herds for six years
206.11 "her swapsons" 'There existed in Ireland a custom whereby the important families exchanged their children. Milcho had no doubt in this way confided his son to Patrick's master. In this supposition, Mr Bury thinks to find the key to the mystery of the invention of Patrick's captivity to Milcho'
241.22 "Master Milchku"
290.18 "to mount miss (the wooeds of Fogloot!)" Saint Patrick as a boy tended herds for Milchu on Slemish (Mount Mish); returned to Ireland as result of hearing 'voice of those who were near the Wood of Foclut' and landed at mouth of the Vartry river
366.17 "in re Milcho Melekmans, increaminated"

007.24 "reekierags or sundyechosies, with a mint of mines or beggar a
Reek Sunday: an end-of-July Irish holiday on which many people make an early morning three-mile pilgrimage up Croagh Patrick (also known as "The Reek"), often barefoot (in repentance and commemorating St Patrick's forty-day fast on the mountain peak)

Paschal fire

003.09 "avoice from afire bellowsed mishe mishe"
(the flame of Christianity kindled by St Patrick on Holy Saturday in defiance of royal orders)
128.34 "paschal fire; forbids us our trespassers as we forgate him; the
Saint Patrick's Paschal fire [609.24]
501.22 "There were fires on every bald hill in holy" Saint Patrick lit the paschal fire to defy the pagan druids

609.24 "Muta: Quodestnunc fumusiste volhvuns ex Domoyno?
(smoke from Saint Patrick's Paschal fire, lit on the hill of Slane on Holy Saturday in defiance of a pagan royal law, which mandated the extinguishing of all fires and their rekindling only from the holy flame kept at Tara (according to Macalister: Temair Breg 367, this occured during a holy festival held at Tara on the vernal equinox; the dates of the vernal equinox and of Holy Saturday coincided on 25 March 433, Saint Patrick's first Easter in Ireland))

609.34 "moveyovering the cabrattlefield of slaine.
Saint Patrick lit the Paschal fire at Slane, challenging the druids at Tara


014.34 "rocking grasses the herb trinity shams lowliness"
223.22 "his trifle from the grass"
326.03 "Paddeus picked the pun"
612.25 "shammyrag"
478.21 "Moy jay trouvay la clee dang les champs. Hay sham"
478.25 "so cloover? A true's to your trefling!"

'four masters'

021.29 "four owlers masters for to tauch him his tickles and she convor-
St Patrick was said to have served four masters [022.15]
022.15 "the nail of a top into the jiminy and she had her four larksical
St Patrick was said to have served four masters [021.29]

primitive adoption ceremony of sucking male paps or nipples (Saint Patrick refused to submit to it)
215.27 "He had buckgoat paps on"
480.14 "bare his breastpaps to give suck, to suckle me"

022.14 "Turnlemeem and she punched the curses of cromcruwell with
Crom Cruach: a Celtic idol destroyed by St Patrick
019.12 "grass. Sss! See the snake wurrums everyside! Our durlbin is
Wurra-Wurra: a druidic idol destroyed by St Patrick
208.02 "lives the slicker she grows. Save us and tagus! No more? Werra
Wurra-Wurra: an druidic idol destroyed by Saint Patrick
225.13 "bother and more whatarcurss. Then no breath no bother but wor-
Wurra-Wurra ('Great Worm'): an idol destroyed by Saint Patrick

003.10 "tauftauf thuartpeatrick"
St Patrick baptising the Irish pagans
024.34 "land of souls with Homin and Broin Baroke and pole ole Lonan
Lonan: a chieftain converted by St Patrick


019.15 "cargon of prohibitive pomefructs but along landed Paddy Dip-"
121.21 "so properly banished from our scripture"
210.27 "scotched, and a vaticanned viper catcher's visa for Patsy Presbys"
239.04 "master of snakes"
288.F08 "6 Creeping Crawleys petery parley, banished to his native Ireland from"
289.25 "reptile's age"

Tripartite Life of St Patrick: a medieval manuscript describing St Patrick's life

012.24 "at a treepurty on the planko in the purk"
069.25 "triplepatlockt"
228.05 "a coppersmith bishop" it is stated in the Tripartite Life that the holy Bishop Assicus was his coppersmith
228.06 "holy Trichepatte"
405.31 "his three-"
425.20 "maricles and my trifolium librotto, the authordux Book of Lief"
465.14 "our tripertight"
478.29 "Three persons."
486.28 "your tripartite"

091.05 "hriosmas, whereas take notice be the relics of the bones of the
Kinane: St. Patrick 197n: (quoting the Tripartite Life about chieftain Ailill and his wife's conversion) 'His wife... said the pigs have eaten our son... Patrick commanded the boy's bones to be collected... The boy was afterwards resuscitated through Patrick's prayers'
091.06 "story bouchal that was ate be Cliopatrick (the sow) princess

093.15 "oway hames, much to his thanks, gratiasagam, to all the wrong
when King Daire presented Saint Patrick with the gift of a cauldron, the latter is said, according to the former's retelling, to have answered 'Gratzacham' as thanks, from Latin Gratias agamus: Let us give thanks

138.01 "by his ain fireside, wondering was it hebrew set to himmeltones
Crawford: Back to the Long Grass 185: 'Gordon knew as much of Arabic as the Irishman did of the page of Hebrew: a bit of a musician, Patrick, in answer to the question whether he could read some Hebrew characters they showed him, said "Read it? Shure, and I could play it!"'

Quis separabit?: motto of the order of Saint Patrick (Who Shall Separate?)
239.21 "ones for all amanseprated"
255.35 "the quis separabits"
585.24 "who so shall sepa-" Quis separabit?: motto of order of Saint Patrick (Who Shall Separate?)
625.07 "Quid Superabit" Latin Quis Separabit?: Who Shall Separate? (motto of the Order of Saint Patrick)

Saint Patrick's Purgatory: cave on an island in Lough Derg, where a hermit named Patrick heard the wailings of souls from purgatory (abbey built there; cave opening sealed by pope's orders on Saint Patrick's Day 1497, following reports of diabolic visions there)
080.07 "later tautaubapptossed Pat's Purge"
177.04 "his pawdry's purgatory"
352.36 "all the pungataries"
582.28 "Derg" Lough Derg: site of Saint Patrick's Purgatory
582.29 "patrick's purge"
618.15 "Reparatrices for a good allround sympowdhericks purge"

562.25 "his buchel Iosa" the sacred staff of Jesus, believed to have been bequeathed by Our Lord to S. Patrick

St. Patrick's bell, 'Clog-Phadruig,' is now preserved in the museum of the Royal Irish Academy, Dublin; Bell of the well (in National Museum, Dublin)
186.15 "his bellbearing stylo"
328.26 "I'll Bell the Welled"


169.11 "Shem's bodily getup, it seems, included an adze of a skull, an
Bury: The Life of St. Patrick 79: (quoting a prophecy attributed to the Irish High King's druids, concerning Saint Patrick and his circular tonsure) 'Adze-head will come with a crook-head staff'
364.14 "Attonsure! Ears to hears!" 'He set out for Tours to visit St. Martin, that he might receive the monastic tonsure, for hitherto he had only the tonsure of servitude... They had... one tonsure from ear to ear'
486.28 "adze to girdle" Saint Patrick was referred to as 'Adze-head' because of his tonsure


231.24 "his breastplates" the beautiful hymn, which has become known as the 'Breastplate of St. Patrick,'
486.29 "What do you hear, breastplate?" Saint Patrick's hymn 'Breastplate' (Cry of the Deer)
500.12 "The cry of the roedeer it is!" a hymn attributed to Saint Patrick is variously known as Cry of the Deer (Faeth Fiada), Lorica, or Saint Patrick's Breastplate
Harold White: Cry of the Deer (songs dealing with Saint Patrick at Tara)
500.14 "Christ in our irish times! Christ on the airs independence!" Saint Patrick's hymn Cry of the Deer: 'Christ with me, Christ before me, Christ behind me, Christ in me, Christ below me, Christ above me'


188.01 "your last wetbed confession?" ''This is my Confession before I die,' are the concluding words of the Saint's 'Confession''

364.17 "with his inside man" from Saint Patrick's Confession 'I saw one praying within me, and I was, as it were within my body, and I heard that is above the inner man'

407.13 "I heard a voice, the voce of Shaun, vote of" Patrick's Confessio 'I saw in a vision of the night a man coming as if from Ireland with very many letters. And he gave one of them to me, and I read the beginning of the letter purporting to be the 'Voice of the Irish,' and while I was reading... I heard the voices of them who dwelt beside the wood of Focluth'

478.34 "The woods of fogloot!" 'I saw in the visions of the night a person coming from Ireland with innumerable letters... and I thought... that I heard the voice of those who were near the wood of Focluth, which is adjoining to the Western Sea, and they cried out, as it were with one voice, We entreat thee, holy youth, to come and walk still amongst us'... and so I awoke'

479.13 "The wolves of Fochlut!" Patrick guarded Milchu's herds from wolves

480.04 "Call Wolfhound! Wolf of the sea. Folchu!"
Fleming: Boulogne-sur-Mer 36: (of the ship on which Saint Patrick left Ireland) 'If the ship's cargo consisted chiefly of Irish wolfhounds... as Professor Bury suggests'
Czarnowski: Le Culte des Héros, Saint Patrick XCIVn: 'le chien-loup, faelchú' (French 'the wolf-dog, faelchú')

483.21 "leperd brethern, the Puer, ens innocens of but fifteen primes."
leper (Saint Patrick's retinue included lepers)
Patrick: Confessio 27: 'I told my most intimate friend what I had one day done in my boyhood... I know not, Got knows, whether I was then fifteen years of age' ('in pueritia mea... annos quindecim')

484.01 "partaking myself to confess" Saint Patrick: Confessio

525.15 "Gubbernathor!" Saint Patrick's Confession) 'Et alio die cœpit gubernator mihi dicere' (Latin 'And on another day the helmsman began to say to me')

Saint Patrick spent forty days in retreat on Mount Croagh Patrick, County Mayo, in imitation of Moses
081.18 "a cropatkin"
301.30 "to croakpartridge"
307.22 "Music or Mathematics? Glory be to Saint

fiat: a prophecy attributed to the Irish High King's druids, concerning Saint Patrick and his future conversion of the Irish 'all his household will respond, So be it, so be it' (or in Latin fiat, fiat)
017.32 "Mutt. — Fiatfuit!"
034.07 "(pfiat! pfiat!)"
235.26 "Fyat-Fyat shall be our number"
318.23 "Taif"
418.07 "Be it! So be it!"
520.2 "fyats"
613.14 "Fuitfiat!"

003.09 "all the time: nor avoice from afire bellowsed mishe mishe to
(the flame of Christianity kindled by Saint Patrick on Holy Saturday in defiance of royal orders)

003.10 "tauftauf thuartpeatrick: not yet, though venissoon after, had a
German taufen: to baptise (i.e. Saint Patrick baptising the Irish pagans)
Saint Patrick

007.24 "reekierags or sundyechosies"
Reek Sunday: an end-of-July Irish holiday on which many people make an early morning three-mile pilgrimage up Croagh Patrick (also known as "The Reek"), often barefoot (in repentance and commemorating Saint Patrick's forty-day fast on the mountain peak)

021.16 "one and made her wit foreninst the dour. And she lit up and fire-
VI.B.3.020b (o): 'S Patrick's vision 1 All I ablaze' [022.03-.04] [022.27-.28]
Flood: Ireland, Its Saints and Scholars 43: 'An ancient Irish manuscript of unknown authorship divides the Saints of Ireland into three great orders. The First Order was in the time of St. Patrick... The Second Order... flourished during the latter half of the sixth century. The Third Order of Saints lived in Ireland for a period which extended for about seventy years from the end of the sixth century. The writer of the manuscript says that "the First Order was most holy, the Second Order holier, and the Third holy... These Three Orders the blessed Patrick foreknew, enlightened by heavenly wisdom, when in prophetic vision he saw at first all Ireland ablaze, and afterwards only the mountains on fire; and at last saw lamps lit in the valleys"'

171.33 "national apostate" National Apostle (Saint Patrick)

174.11 "word as soon as half uttered, command me!, your servant, good," Kinane: St. Patrick 17: (a prayer) 'From my hidden sins cleanse me, O Lord, and from those of others spare Thy servant'

185.33 "through the bowels of his misery" Kinane: St. Patrick 134: 'O God, through the bowels of Thy mercy... grant me a love of prayer'

186.12 "last public misappearance, circling the square, for the deathfête
Kinane: St. Patrick 177: 'extraordinary, heavenly signs and prodigies are recorded to have taken place at the death of our Saint. On the 17th of March, in the year 493, at the age of 120, amid the sweet songs of the Angels, and a supernatural light from heaven, St. Patrick, the Apostle of Ireland, breathed forth his pure soul into the hands of his Creator'

223.17 "since in Glenasmole of Smiling Thrushes Patch Whyte passed
VI.B.32.047c (b): '*C* Patch (Patrick)'
Anglo-Irish/Hiberno-English Patch: diminutive for Patrick
Saint Patrick (Christian Ireland) met with Ossian (pagan Ireland) after the latter became old (James Joyce: Ulysses.9.578: 'Oisin with Patrick')

223.19 "Arrest thee, scaldbrother! came the evangelion"
(scald (Ossian) meets evangelist (Patrick))

254.09 "human chain extends, have done, do and will again as John, Polycarp and Irenews eye-to-eye ayewitnessed" Irenaeus looked into the eyes of Polycarp, Polycarp looked into the eyes of John, and John looked into the eyes of Christ

278.11 "Coalmansbell" Saint Patrick once commanded his disciples not to drink whiskey till after the vesper bell; Saint Colman, his disciple, misunderstood, did not drink at all, though engaged in hard labour in the harvest field, and dropped dead when the vesper bell rang

326.06 "I popetithes thee, Ocean, sayd he" I baptise thee, Ossian (Patrick baptised but failed to convert Ossian)

360.32 "the extremity of" 'A person born in Great Britain could scarcely call Ireland the extremity of the world'

367.10 "Look about you"
VI.B14.38: 'P looks about him to remember & recall place & tongue after 40 years' (referring to Saint Patrick's return to Ireland)

390.10 "the man in the Oran mosque" Patrick assigned situations for several Gallic priests at Oran, County Roscommon

404.34 "the turtle's blessings of God and Mary" 'the blessings of God and Mary and Patrick and Brigid on you' (translation of Irish greeting)

449.26 "round by Drumsally" 'St. Patrick in the year 445 moved onward to a place called Druim-Sailech, or the Field of Sallows, but afterwards called Armagh, on account of its eminence'

455.10 "manny di'yegut? Hogmanny di'yesmellygut? And hogmanny" Irish Go mbeannuighe Dia's Muire's Pádraig dhuit: May God and Mary and Patrick bless you

463.03 "testymonicals he gave his twenty annis orf" Saint Patrick's novitiate lasted twenty years

469.25 "with this panromain apological which Watllwewhistlem sang to
(Saint Patrick, who never reached the more remote western parts of Ireland

471.15 "(the headless shall have legs!), kingscouriered round with an easy
Kinane: St. Patrick 201: 'with an easy rush he planted the cross over the ruins of idolatry'

482.05 "muddyhorsebroth" (of Saint Patrick cursing pagan neighbours working noisily on a Sunday) 'The curse mudebrod (or mudebroth) has not been explained'

484.23 "Ailbey and Ciardeclan, I learn, episcop-" four Christian bishops in Ireland before Patrick: Saint Ailbey of Emly, Saint Ciaran of Saigir, Saint Declan of Ardmore, Saint Ibar

485.06 "Moy Bog's domesday" 'my God's doom' (favourite expression of Saint Patrick)

485.09 "luckat" Lucat-Mael: druid defeated by Saint Patrick (blasphemed the trinity and has his brains dashed out)

519.35 "with two hundred genuflexions" 'he recited a hundred Psalms, making at the same time two hundred genuflections'

525.07 "Pelagiarist!" 'The Pope now sent St. Germanus as legate, accompanied by St. Lupus of Troyes, and Patrick, to extinguish... the Pelagian heresy'

583.19 "Here's the flood and the" an angel speaking to Saint Patrick 'There is... the great sea to come over Erinn seven years before the Judgment'

596.09 "by the lord's order of the canon consecrand-" 'Just then Patrick was chanting the Lord's order of the canon (i.e., Mass), and lauded the Creator, and pronounced a benediction on the rath where Finn mac Cumaill had been'

605.08 "postcreated portable altare" Saint Patrick used a portable altar)

613.01 "Good safe firelamp! hailed the heliots. Goldselforelump!" (Patrick caused reappearance of sun blotted out by Laoghaire's druid; onlookers glorified Patrick's God)

St Attracta/Araght
003.15 "bababadalgharaghtak-"
477.20 "fine attractable nets"

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